Identifikasi Senyawa Metabolit Sekunder Pada Ekstrak Etanol Kulit Buah Mangga Kweni (Mangifera odorata Griff.)

  • Benedicta Irene Rumagit
  • Evelina Nahor
  • Citra C. Lalura
Keywords: Fruit peel Mangga Kweni; Indentification


Mango is one of the most naturally grown plants. One of the many types of manggo in North Sulawesi is Mangga Kweni (Mangifera odorata Griff.), Where the plant parts such as roots, leaves and bark contain secondary metabolites which can be used in the treatment of diseases. The purpose of this study was to identify the content of secondary metabolites in the ethanol extract of raw and ripe mango kweni (Mangifera odorata Griff.) Rind.
This research is descriptive in nature which is carried out in the laboratory. Samples of Raw and Matang Mango fruit skins were washed then dried and macerated with 95% ethanol solvent and evaporated to get a thick extract, then tested with a color reaction to test flavonoids, tannins, steroids and terpenoids, precipitation reactions for alkaloid and tannin tests, and foam reaction for the saponin test. The data obtained are presented in the form of tables and images and analyzed descriptively.
The identification results showed that the ethanol extract of the mango kweni raw and matang rind contains flavonoids, saponins, tannins and terpenoids but does not contain alkaloids and steroids.