Pemahaman Anak dan Deteksi Dini Kadar Timbal (Pb) dalam Urine Anak Sekolah di Perkotaan dan Pedesaan, dengan Mengontrol Kadar Urine dalam Tubuh Anak
Plumbum (Pb)/Lead or black lead is a metal derived from the ambient environment that gets attention both in developed and developing countries because it is toxic that can enter the human body through the consumption of food, beverages, air, water, and dust contaminated by Pb. In the event of prolonged exposure can result in interference to various organ systems such as blood, nervous system, kidneys, reproductive system and gastrointestinal tract.
This research is quantitative research using observational analytical methods with cross sectional design. With a sample of 1050 respondents with a child's level of understanding of lead hazard risk (Pb) 938 respondents and measurement of lead levels (Pb) in the urine of schoolchildren 112 respondents. The data was analyzed univariately by obtaining a picture of the size of urine levels, and the level of understanding of schoolchildren's understanding of the dangers of lead (Pb) to children's health
The results of the study for the level of understanding of children's risk of lead harm to health associated with some risk criteria showed that 49.59% of children's preference for the game was 65.19% lack of information, 68.97% do not know the risk, 52.79 residential environments (against exposure to lead in schoolchildren), or the average risk of exposure to lead while urine levels in school children around manado city are 3.04 ppm while rural areas0.17ppm
The conclusion of the results data obtained related to the child's fondness for objects or games that can be exposed to lead, lack of information, lack of risk and presence in the residence with an average figure of 59.14 %, even with pb levels in urine with an average figure exceeding 0.15ppm at the threshold, this shows how much exposure should be anticipated immediately, for the rescue of future generations