Hubungan Pola Kebiasaan Makan, Asupan Mineral (Fe Dan Zn) Dengan Kadar Hemoglobin (Hb) Pada Ibu Hamil Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Pusomaen Kecamatan Posumaen Kabupaten Minahasa Tenggara
Background: Anemia of nutritional deficiency in pregnant women is a health problem experienced by women around the world, especially in developing countries. Anemia is an indicator of malnutrition and health. The most dramatic health effect is increasing the risk of maternal and child mortality. Research Objective: to know the pattern of eating habits, mineral intake (Fe and Zink) with hemoglobin levels in pregnant women in the working area Puskesen Pusomaen District Pusomaen In Southeast Minahasa District.
Research Methods: The type of research used cross sectional study design, where the data were collected at the same time in Posumaen Public Health work area. Samples are all pregnant women who come in posyandu activities as many as 45 people. Results: 44 people (97.8%) had a rare diet, 1 person (2.2%) had a frequent diet, as many as 39 people (86.7%) less intake and 6 (13.3% ) intake fe enough. As many as 26 people (57.8%) intake zink respondents less pregnant women and 19 people (43.2%) intake zinknya enough.
The average Hemoglobulin level of respondents was 9.73 g / dl, 38 people (84.4%) of Hemoglobulin were below normal and had anemia status 7 people (15.6%) had above normal Hemoglobulin level and had no anemia status . There was no significant correlation between dietary pattern of mineral resource with hemoglobin level in pregnant women in Pusomaen Puskesmas working area, there was a significant correlation of Fe intake with Hb level (p = 0,001) and there was a significant correlation of zinc intake with Hb level (p = 0,031 ).
Conclusion: There is no correlation between dietary pattern of mineral source, there is correlation of mineral intake (fe and zink) with Hb concentration in pregnant mother in working area of Pusomaen Pusomaen Subdistrict Pusomaen Regency of South Minahasa.