Hubungan Infeksi Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH) Dengan Status Gizi Dan Anemia Pada Balita Di Puskesmas Kokar Kabupaten Alor
Aim. To gain insight regarding the prevalence and intensity of worm infestation, the correlation between STH infection and nutrition status, anemia, and the demography condition.
Method. The research used a cross-sectional approach with quota sampling technique. There were samples aged 12-59 months as many as 234 people, with severely underweight : 7.7%, underweight : 19.2%, normal: 70.5%, and overweight : 2.6%. Data were collected in August - October 2016 in Kokar primary health care, Alor Recency, East Nusa Tenggara. The subjects’ parents who meet the inclusion criteria were interviewed using a questionnaire guide. Fecal samples were collected and the type and intensity of STH infection was identified using the Kato-Katz method. Examination of hemoglobin by the Sahli method.
Result. The incidence of STH infections among children under five in Kokar primary health care was 18.38%. There were single infection suffered by the 10,26% children under five with the intensity of infection A.lumbricodes : light intensity was 4,70% and moderate intensity was 1,71%; infection of T.trichiura was 1,71% with light intensity and infection of hookworm was 2,14% with a light intensity. There were double infection suffered by 8,12% children with intensity of light infection was 4,70%, moderate intensity of infection was 2,56% and heavy intensity of infections was 0,86%.Analysis of the relationship between STH infection and nutritional status show the value of p> 0.05.There were 97.9% children under five years who suffered anemia and 2.1% with no anemia. Analysis of the relationship between STH infection with anemia show the value of p> 0.05. Analysis of the relationship between STH infection and demographics demonstrate the value of p> 0.05.
Conclution. The prevalence of STH infection in children under five years at the Kokar Community Health Center is 18.38% with the intensity of a single infection being mild and moderate and the intensity of multiple infections is mild, moderate and severe. There is no significant relationship between the incidence of STH infection with nutritional status and anemia. There is no significant relationship between demography and the incidence of STH infection.