Effectiveness of Pedometer Use to Reduce Obesity Risk And Blood Cholesterol Level (Total, Trigliceride, HDL, and LDL) in Obesity Population at Perkamil Paal Dua of Manado City in 2016
Background: Pedometer functions using daily monitoring steps. It motivates people to do daily activities. The pedometer is equipped with a watch timer to calculate the steps number. Good daily steps to lose weight are usually 1500 steps when applied regularly. Obesity as a risk factor causes non-infectious disease e.g.; diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and so on. Therefore, the use of pedometer can motivate everyone to prevent of some non- infectious diseases.
Objective: Purpose of the research is to analyze effectif use of pedometer in reducing obesity risk and total cholesterol level. This research type is true experimen with pre and post test control design. Location of the research was in Perkamil of Paal Dua Sub-district of Manado City. Time of research was from August to October. The sample was 40 respondens, comprising 20 treament respondens and 20 control respondens.
Result of Research: Based on the analysis result using statistic test with paired t-test, showing that Body Mass Index (BMI) of treatment group, there were differences mean value between pre and post test as many as 14,6, p0,000<p0,05. Differences mean value of total blood cholesterol between pre and post test as many as 1,56, p,0,002<p,0,05. That was influenced very significantly between pedometer with decreasing of BMI and total cholesterol blood levels on treatment respondens. Control groups showed that there were differences mean value of BMI between pre and post test as many as =0,7, p0,007<p0,05. Differences mean total of cholesterol blood pre and post test as many as =1,393,p0,002<p0,05. Differences mean value of LDL levels pre and post test as many as =1, p0,013<p0,05. It was influenced signicantly between BMI pre test with BMI post test, total cholesterol blood pre test and post test, and LDL levels pre test and post test without pedometer use.
Conclussion: The researh result concluded that pedometer has significant influence towards reduction of body weight within obesity population and total cholesterol blood and LDL levels. Suggested on respondents using pedometer application to monitor amount of steps everyday to reach normal body weight and blood cholesterol.