ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI FATIGUE PADA PASIEN KANKER DENGAN KEMOTERAPI : LITERATUR REVIEW

  • Maria Kurni Menga Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Ely Lilianty Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Andi Masyhita Irwan Universitas Hasanuddin
Keywords: pasien kemoterapi, fatique, kualitas hidup

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Kemoterapi merupakan salah satu pengobatan kanker yang memberikan efek samping fatigue yang dapat disebabkan dari berbagai faktor yang dapat berdampak terhadap penurunan kualitas hidup pasien. Tujuan : untuk menganalisa faktor yang mempengaruhi fatigue pada pasien kanker dengan kemoterapi. Metode : Desain penelitian ini adalah tinjauan pustaka. Cari artikel menggunakan database PubMed, Proquest, Ebsco Host dan Science Direct, dengan batasan publikasi artikel selama 5 tahun terakhir (2015-2020), relevan dengan kata kunci pencarian berdasarkan database pada Judul / Abstrak. Ada 5.337 artikel yang ditemukan dan kemudian kami menyaringnya untuk menilai kelayakannya dan mengeluarkan artikel yang tidak memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Sehingga hanya ada 7 artikel yang relevan sebagai referensi utama. Hasil : Diperoleh 7 artikel yang sesuai dengan kriteria inklusidiantaranya 5 artikel merupakan penelitian prospektif dan 2 artikel merupakan penelitian cross-sectional observasional. Ulasan ini ini menyatakan beberapa faktor yang dapat menyebabkan atau memicu fatigue pada pasien kanker dengan kemoterapi yaitu  usia, ras, tekanan psikologis, anemia, body mass index (BMI) /Indeks Massa Tubuh, komorbiditas, tingkat fatiguesebelum kemoterapi. Kesimpulan : Fatigue merupakan gejala yang dapat mempengaruhi kualitas hidup pasien yang menjalani kemoterapi,  Hal ini dapat terjadi disebabkan beberapa faktor yang perlu di deteksi secara dini dan menjadi perhatian dari semua pihak baik pasien, keluarga dan petugas kesehatan yang menagani pasien sehingga mendapatkan intervensi yang tepat.

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Published
2021-01-03