IPSWICH TOUCH TEST SEBAGAI METODE SEDERHANA DALAM MENDETEKSI DIABETIC POLYNEUROPATHY (DPN) : LITERATURE REVIEW

  • Paridah Paridah Universitas Borneo Tarakan
  • Ana Damayanti
  • Indrawati Indrawati Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Sulawesi Barat
  • Grace A Merentek Akper Bethesda Tomohon
  • Sofyawati Yunus RSUD La Temmamala Soppeng
Keywords: Ipswich Touch Test, Neuropati, Sensibilitas

Abstract

ABSTRAK

Penderita Diabetes Melitus (DM) memiliki potensi untuk menyebabkan banyak komplikasi baik yang dikelola dengan baik atau tidak dan banyak dari mereka tidak menyadari hal tersebut. Gangguan sensasi pada ekstermitas bawah, merupakan gejala awal komplikasi DM yang akan menjadi cikal bakal terjadinya Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU). Studi literature ini bertujuan untuk menampilkan hasil dari beberapa penelitian yang menggunakan IpTT dalam penelitian terhadap deteksi neuropati pada pasien DM. Metodologi yang digunakan untuk tinjauan ini adalah hasil telaah dari beberapa penelitian tentang  ”Ipswich Touch Test” yang dipublikasi pada tiga data base. Kami mengkategorikan studi berdasarkan tipe DM, metode penelitian yang dilakukan adalah ah Randomize Controlled Trial dengan systematic review. Kami membandingkan kesimpulan penelitian berdasarakan tingkat sensibilitas klien diabetes pada daerah perifer/DPN dengan IpTT. Temuan kami menunjukkan bahwa IpTT merupakan salah satu metode yang reliabel, valid mudah, murah dan tidak menimbulkan bahaya serta dapat diajarkan kepada pasien dan keluarga dalam mendeteksi risiko Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) pada penderita diabetes. IpTT juga memiliki nilai prediktif negatif yang tinggi dan keakuratan yang sangat baik bila dibandingkan dengan metode skrining standar mendukung perannya sebagai alat skrining untuk mendeteksi risiko DFU pada pasien diabetes. Kesimpulannya adalah IpTT merupakan salah satu metode untuk menilai tingkat sensibilitas pasien DM yang cukup sensitif, efektif, spesifik, mudah dilakukan tidak memerlukan biaya maupun alat serta tidak menimbulkan bahaya baik bagi pasien maupun pemeriksa dan dapat dilakukan oleh siapapun.

 

Kata kunci: Ipswich Touch Test,  neuropati,  sensibilitas

 

ABSTRACT

 

People with diabetes mellitus (DM) have the potential to cause many complications no matter how well-managed and most of them are unaware. Impaired sensation in the lower extremity, is an early warning of DM complications that will become a Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU). The aim of this study is to present the results from several studies using IPTT in research neuropathy of DM patients detection. The methodology used for this review is the result of several studies on the "Ipswich Touch Test" published on three data bases. We categorize studies based on type of DM, the research method is Randomize Controlled Trial with a systematic review. We compared the study conclusions based on the level of diabetes client sensibility in the peripheral area/DPN with IpTT. Our finding show that IpTT is a reliable, easy, inexpensive and harmless method and it can be taught to the patients and families in detecting the risk of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). IpTT also has a high negative predictive value and excellent accuracy when it compared to standard screening methods for supporting role as screening tool to detect the risk of DFU in diabetic patients. The conclusion is the IpTT as a method for assessing the level of DM patient sensibility is quite sensitive, effective, specific, easy to do, cost-free, without tools and harmless to both patients and examiners and it can be done simply by almost anyone.

 

Kata Kunci: Ipswich Touch Test, neuropathy, sensibility

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Published
2021-01-03