Ubi Jalar Ungu Meningkatkan Kadar Hemoglobin Ibu Hamil Trimester III dengan Anemia

  • Sandra GJ Tombokan Poltiteknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Manado
  • Freike S.N Lumy Poltekkes Kemenkes Manado
  • Indah Dwi P. Rono Poltekkes Kemenkes Manado
  • Wahyuni Wahyuni Poltekkes Kemenkes Manado
Keywords: Hemoglobin, sweet potato, pregnant women

Abstract

Background. Anemia in pregnancy occurs due to pregnancy continuity disorders such as abortion, immature / premature parts. Sweet potatoes contain 4mg of iron in its 100 grams, and can be consumed by pregnant women to increase hemoglobin levels in red blood cells as well as prevent and treat anemia because it is rich in iron. Purpose. This study aims to find out the influence of purple sweet potato consumption on the hemoglobin levels of Pregnant Women trimester III. Method. This type of research uses quasi experimen with Pretest-Posttest Design with Control Group. Total Sampling technique. The study sample of third trimester pregnant women amounted to 30 respondents, consisting of 2 groups, 15 samples of intervention groups and 15 samples of control groups. Result. The results of the study using the Paired t-test test obtained the average hemoglobin level of the pre-test Intervention group of 9.72 and post-test 12.22 then the pre-test Control group of 9.68 and post-test 10.29. The results of the bivariate analysis using an independent t-test sample showed that there was a significant influence between the consumption of purple sweet potatoes on the increase in hemoglobin levels of pregnant women in the third trimester. Conclusion. sweet potato Purple can be used as an alternative food in increasing hemoglobin levels and preventing anemia. Midwives can also encourage pregnant women in addition to consuming Fe tablets, can consume other foods containing iron, one of which is by consuming purple sweet potatoes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Robert T Means. Iron Deficiency and Iron Deficiency Anemia: Implications and Impact in Pregnancy, Fetal Development, and Early Childhood Parameters. Nutrients [Internet]. 2020; 12 (2) : 447. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071168/pdf/nutrients-12-00447.pdf
2. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Kesehatan dalam Kerangka Sistainable Development Goals (SDG’S). Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2015.
3. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Riskesdas 2018. Jakarta; 2018.
4. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Laporan Nasional Riskesdas 2018 [Internet]. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (LPB); 2019. 628 p. Available from: http://labdata.litbang.kemkes.go.id/ images/ download/laporan/RKD/2018/Laporan_Nasional_RKD2018_FINAL.pdf
5. Fanny L, Mustamin H, KB TD, Kartini H St. Pengaruh Pemberian Tablet Fe Terhadap Kadar Hemoglobin Ibu Hamil di Puskesmas Tamamaung Tahun 2011. Media Gizi Pangan [Internet]. 2012;XIII (1):7–11. Available from: https:// jurnalmediagizipangan. files.wordpress.com/2012/07/pengaruh-pemberian-tablet-fe-terhadap-kadar-hemoglobin-ibu-hamil.pdf
6. Sari DK, Wigati PW. Pengaruh Rebusan Daun Ubi Jalar (Ipomoea Batatas) Terhadap Kadar Hemoglobin Pada Ibu Hamil Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tiron Kabupaten Kediri. J Ilm Kebidanan (Scientific J Midwifery) [Internet]. 2021;7(1):8–11. Available from: https://journal.stikespemkabjombang.ac.id/index.php/jikeb/article/view/663/481
7. Ulfiana E, Yuliandani FA, Dewi RK, Ratri WK. Pengaruh Pemberian Ubi Jalar Ungu terhadap Peningkatan Kadar Haemoglobin Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III. J Kebidanan [Internet]. 2019;9(1). Available from: file:///C:/Users/C U S T O M E R/Downloads/4027-12191-1-PB.pdf
8. Maryen K, Supardi N, Nahira N, Rosdianah R, Arsyad NA. Rebusan Daun Ubi Jalar Ungu (Ipomoea Batatas (L.) Lamk Terhadap Peningkatan Kadar Hemoglobin Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III. Hasanuddin J Midwifery [Internet]. 2021;3(1):73–9. Available from: file:///C:/Users/C U S T O M E R/Downloads/3030-6579-1-SM.pdf
9. Tanziha I, Damanik MRM, Utama LJ, Rosmiati R. Faktor Risiko Anemia Ibu Hamil Di Indonesia. J Gizi Pangan [Internet]. 2016;11(2). Available from: https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/14687/10862
10. Nurjanah S, Sofiana J. Hubungan Asupan Vitamin C, Tablet Fe, dan Daun Ubi Jalar Terhadap Perubahan Kadar Hemoglobin Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III Dengan Anemia. J Rikes. 2017;1(1):5–6.
11. Siagian NA, Damanik YS. Pengaruh Pemberian Daun Ubi Jalar Ungu (Ipomoea Batatas) Terhadap Peningkatan Kadar Hemoglobin Ibu Hamil Di Klinik Pratama Sehati Deli Tua. J Doppler [Internet]. 2021;5(2). Available from: file:///C:/Users/C U S T O M E R/Downloads/2559-Article Text-8357-1-10-20211101.pdf
12. Suparni, Fitriyani, Aisyah RD. Pengaruh Pemberian Ubi Jalar Ungu (Ipomoea Batatas) Terhadap Peningkatan Lingkar Lengan Atas Ibu Hamil Dengan Kekurangan Energi Kronis Di Wilayah Puskesmas Kedungwuni II Kecamatan Kedungwuni Kabupaten Pekalongan Tahun 2018. J Ilm Kesehat Keperawatan [Internet]. 2020;16(1):62–7. Available from: file:///C:/Users/C U S T O M E R/Downloads/428-907-1-PB.pdf
13. Scott D, Harrison CL, Hutchison S, Courten B de, Stepto NK. Exploring factors related to changes in body composition , insulin sensitivity and aerobic capacity in response to a 12-week exercise intervention in overweight and obese women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome. PLoS One [Internet]. 2017;12(8):1–13. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5542389/pdf/pone.0182412.pdf
14. Yuliandani FA, Dewi RK, Wilujeng Kartika Ratri. Pengaruh Pemberian Konsumsi Ubi Jalar Terhadap Peningkatan Kadar Hemoglobin Ibu Hamil Trimester III. JurnalRisetKesehatan [Internet]. 2017;6(2):28–34. Available from: file:///C:/Users/C U S T O M E R/Downloads/2930-9283-1-PB (1).pdf
15. Kuswati, Suwanti E. Pengaruh Pemberian Multipel Micro Nutrien (MMN) Ditambah Ekstrak Daun Ubi Jalar Dan Tablet Fe Terhadap Nilai Hemoglobin Ibu Hamil. J Terpadu Ilmu Kesehat [Internet]. 2015;4(2):107–10. Available from: file:///C:/Users/C%20U%20S%20T%20O%20M%20E%20R/Downloads/131-241-1-SM.pdf
16. Rahmi Y, Kurniawati AD, Widyanto RM, Ariestiningsih AD, Farahi AZ ’Aisyi Al, Ruchaina AN, et al. The sensory, physical and nutritional quality profiles of purple sweet potato and soy-based snack bars for pregnant women. ournal Public Heal Res [Internet]. 2021;10(2):390–398. Available from: https://jphres.org/index.php/jphres/article/view/2241/865
17. Li A, Xiao R, He S, An X, He Y, Wang C, et al. Research Advances of Purple Sweet Potato Anthocyanins: Extraction, Identification, Stability, Bioactivity, Application, and Biotransformation. Molecules [Internet]. 2019;24:1–21. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6864833/pdf/molecules-24-03816.pdf
18. Su X, Griffin J, Xu J, Ouyang P, Zhao Z, Wang W. Identification and quantification of anthocyanins in purple-fleshed sweet potato leaves. Heliyon [Internet]. 2019;5(6):e01964. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6626274/pdf/main.pdf
19. Murtiningsih, Suyanti. Membuat Tepung Umbi dan Variasi Olahannya. Jakarta: Agro Media Pustaka; 2011.
20. Syarfaini, Satrianegara MF, Alam S, Amriani. Analisis Kandungan Zat Gizi Biskuit Ubi Jalar Ungu (Ipomoea batatas L. Poiret) Sebagai Alternatif Perbaikan Gizi di Masyarakat. Al-Sihah Public Heal Sci J [Internet]. 2017;9(2):138–52. Available from: https://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/Al-Sihah/article/view/3763/3437
Published
2022-05-30
How to Cite
1.
Tombokan S, Lumy F, Rono I, Wahyuni W. Ubi Jalar Ungu Meningkatkan Kadar Hemoglobin Ibu Hamil Trimester III dengan Anemia. JIDAN (Jurnal Ilmiah Bidan) [Internet]. 30May2022 [cited 14Aug.2022];9(1):43 -52. Available from: https://ejurnal.poltekkes-manado.ac.id/index.php/jidan/article/view/1511